Chaina-HaikouPlease click to see the Municipality website
Hǎikǒu (Chinese: 海口), is the capital and most populous city of Hainan province, People's Republic of China. It is situated on the northern coast of Hainan, by the mouth of the Nandu River. The northern part of the city is the district of Haidian Island, which is separated from the main part of Haikou by the Haidian River, a branch of the Nandu.
Administratively, Haikou is a prefecture-level city, comprising four districts, and covering 2,280 square kilometers (880 sq mi). There are 2,046,189 inhabitants in the built up area all living within the 4 urban districts of the city.
Haikou was originally a port city. Today, more than half of the island's total trade still goes through its ports. The city is home to Hainan University, which has its main campus on Haidian Island.
The city features beautiful sunshine, crystal water and soft sand. It is the provincial administrative center of Hainan as well being the focus of the local economy, culture and transportation. It stands at the northern end of Hainan Island, on the west bank of the Nandu River estuary. This river is the longest on the island and the city's name appropriately means 'Mouth of the Sea'.
With the sea on three sides the city enjoys a long coastline that features excellent bathing beaches and sea side resorts. Holiday Beach is the most popular of these, while Xixiu Beach is where the National sailing and windsurfing teams train and hold competitions.
The downtown area of the city has an excellent environment with streets lined with coconut palms. Here there are modern and convenient public transport facilities and all that is best in a tropical seaside city that is pollution free and that meets the needs of the tourist in a friendly and welcoming way.
The ecological environment in Haikou is perfect. The air pollution index is only 28, and it is superior to the first grade of the country's standard. It is the No.1 of all the large and medium sized cities in the country in terms of air quality. The quality of the groundwater in Haikou is fine, and it is basically mineral water. It is of the first class in the world, and the drinking water in city is up to the standard. Nowadays, 36.7% of the city area are covered with green. The a forestation rate is 40%, and the average public green belt is 8.5sq km. When you are walking in Haikou, you will find lines of green trees and beautiful flowers, and people can feel that there is life everywhere.
The city of Haikou is on the northern edge of the torrid zone, and is part of the monsoon tropical zone. April to October is the active period for tropical storms and typhoons; most occur between August and September.May to October is the rainy season with most rainfall coming in September.
Besides its natural resources, Haikou has a number of important sites of historical interest. The Temple of Five Lords (Five Official's Temple), the Tomb of Hai Rui and the Xiuying Emplacement each serve as reminders of the historical importance of the city. Haikou also has evolved from a simple sightseeing city to an attractive seaside resort and business center. The services for visitors to the city are being extended with the aim of establishing the city as Southern China's key center for tourism.
The expressway in Haikou measures 618.23km as a total. The East Road running from Haikou to Sanya is 268.25km and the West Road is 349.98.The expressway between Haikou and Yangpu is 89.3km. on each square kilometer, there is 449 meter expressway and the rate is higher than the average level of China.
Hainan culture is the combination of traditional culture of mainland China, the culture of the border areas of south China and foreign cultures. On one hand, it maintains its traditional culture forms, such as Qiong Opera, Junpo Festival, Huanghua Festival, dragon and lion dances. On the other hand, it absorbs modern culture forms, such as Karaoke, KTV, singing and dancing performance, golf, bowling, sailing and surfing.